The Institute of Pomology focuses on fruit trees including peach, strawberry, pear, grape, kiwifruit, and pecan. We conduct researches on germplasm resources (collection, conservation, evaluation and innovation), breeding of new varieties, as well as development and extension of high-quality, safe, and labor-saving cultivation techniques.
National and provincial research labs and infrastructure established in the Institute
*National Germplasm Repository for Peach and Strawberry-Nanjing
* National Horticulture Gene Bank for Peach and Strawberry (Nanjing), China
*Peach Genetic Improvement Research Laboratory of National Agriculture Research System
*Pear Mechanization Research Laboratory of National Agriculture Research System
*Integrated Experimental Station of National Agriculture Research System for Peach, Pear and Grape
*Jiangsu Germplasm Repository for Fruit Trees
*Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Genetic Improvement
Research directions: peach germplasm resources research, peach new variety breeding research, peach high-quality labor-saving cultivation technology research.
Main Achievements: Since the 12th Five-Year Plan, 7 new varieties, including Xiacui, Xiahui 6, Xiahui 8, Jinling Huanglu, Yuxia Flat Peach, etc., have been bred, and 5 varieties have been granted the right to breed. The bred varieties have been well popularized and applied in production and have achieved remarkable social and economic benefits. The lab has published more than 130 papers, 9 invention patents, 22 utility models patents and 11 Jiangsu local standards. “Peach Quality and Labor-saving Cultivation Technology” has been enlisted, since 2015, into the Jiangsu Provincial Major Agricultural Technology Promotion Plan. In 2013, the “Peach Excellent Resources Exploration and Innovative Utilization” won the second prize of Jiangsu Province Science and Technology Progress Award. In 2017, the “Peach New Variety Breeding and Integration and Promotion of High Quality and Efficient Production Technology” won the second prize of the 8th Jiangsu Province Agricultural Technology Promotion Award.
Research directions: strawberry germplasm resources research, breeding of new strawberry varieties with disease resistance and high quality, research and development of efficient strawberry cultivation technology and physiological and biochemical mechanism.
Main Achievements: Since the 12th Five-Year Plan, the lab yield 10 new varieties such as Ningyu, Ningfeng and Zijin Jiuhong, 1 agricultural industry standard, 7 Jiangsu local standards, 10 authorized patents and more than 70 published papers. In 2011, the “Demonstration and Promotion of New Varieties and Technologies of Protected Strawberry” won the second prize of Jiangsu Agricultural Technology Promotion Award. In 2015 and 2018 respectively, “Breeding of Strawberry ‘Ningyu’ and Other Varieties & Integrated Application of Efficient Cultivation Techniques”, “Breeding and Application of New Varieties of Disease-resistant and High-quality Protected Strawberry” won the first prize of Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences Science and Technology Award. The newly bred strawberry varieties and the cultivation techniques developed have been well promoted and applied inside and outside Jiangsu with remarkable social and economic benefits.
Research Directions: researches on breeding of new pear varieties, researches on high-quality and labor-saving cultivation techniques of pears, and researches on pear stress physiology.
Main Achievements: Since the 12th Five-Year Plan, 4 new varieties of Su Cui pear series have been bred, of which' Su Cui No.1' and' Su Cui No.2' have been granted variety rights and well popularized and applied in production. The lab authorized 24 invention patents, issued 6 Jiangsu local standards, and published more than 90 papers. In 2011, the “Innovation and Integrated Application of Key Technologies for High Quality, High Efficiency and Safe Production of Pears” won the second prize of Jiangsu Province Science and Technology Award.