Founded in 1933, the Institute of Industrial Crops focuses on major scientific and technological issues in the industrial development of cotton, canola, legumes, medicine and food homology crops, and special industrial crops in Jiangsu and China. The Institute has also conducted research and extension in areas of germplasm resources, genetic breeding, cultivation physiology, and crop resistance identification.
Since the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan”, the researchers in the Institute have won 18 national, provincial, and ministerial awards, including the Chinese Government’s Friendship Award, China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award, the first prize of Jiangsu Science and Technology Progress Award, the second prize of Jiangsu Science and Technology Progress Award, the first prize of China Agricultural Science and Technology Award, the second prize of National Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fishery Harvest Award, and Jiangsu Provincial Government Friendship Award.
Elite germplasm innovation; Genetic analysis of important agronomic traits; Breeding of new varieties with high quality, multi resistances and suitable for whole-process mechanization; Cultivation techniques
Breeding of non-GM varieties with high yield, herbicide resistance and adaptability to mechanization; Research and application of canola heterosis; Multifunctional utilization; Integrated demonstration of supporting cultivation techniques for new varieties
1. Developed the anti-sclerotinia germplasm Ning RS-1, bred an anti-sclerotinia canola variety. In 2012, the lab won the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award.
2. Developed a new germplasm of brassica napus L., bred the first national approved brassica napus L. variety Ningyou No. 10. The lab won the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award in 2015.
3. Bred a strong waterlogging tolerance canola variety Ningza 1818, which preliminarily solved the problem of waterlogging damage in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. In 2017, the lab won the first prize of Science and Technology Progress Award of Hubei province.
The “Demonstration and Extension of Breeding and High-Efficiency Cultivation Techniques for High-Quality Disease-Resistant Soybeans” was awarded the second prize of Science and Technology Award of Jiangsu Province.
The achievements from relevant international cooperation were awarded the China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award and the Chinese Government Friendship Award.
“International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Base for New Variety Breeding of Edible Legumes in Tropical and Subtropical Monsoon Climate Zone” was qualified by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China.
The “New Legumes Varieties Breed” was recognized by the State Administration of Foreign Experts of China as the Intelligence Introduction Demonstration and Outreach Base.
1. Edible Legumes
Focusing on the dried bean grain crops such as mung bean, adzuki bean and broad bean as research objects, the lab conducts researches in the following areas: (1) germplasm collection, sorting, genetic evaluation and innovation of edible legume crops; (2) high yield , high-efficiency, safe, multi-resistance edible legume crops breeding and research and development of major breeding techniques; (3) study on high-yield and high-efficiency cultivation techniques of edible legume crops; (4) large-scale demonstration and extension of new varieties, new technologies and new models of edible legumes.
2. Fresh Edible Legumes
Mainly taking cowpea, green beans, vegetable peas and vegetable soybeans (edamame) as research objects, carry out research work in the following areas: (1) Collection, evaluation and utilization of fresh bean germplasm resources, carry out selection and breeding of new crop varieties of high-quality, multi-resistant and high-yield legume crops; (2) Research on molecular breeding methods of fresh legume crops, mainly for molecular marker-assisted selection of vegetable legume crops and gene cloning and functional analysis of important traits; (3) Research on high-quality, high-yield and high-efficiency safe cultivation techniques for fresh legume crops; (4) Experiment and demonstration of new varieties, new technologies and new models of fresh legumes.
3. Grain Soybean
With the grain soybeans as the main research focus, the lab conducts research work in the following areas: (1) soybean germplasm collection, evaluation and utilization, selection and breeding of new crop varieties of high-quality, multi-resistance and high-yield soybean; (2) research on molecular breeding methods of soybean, mainly for molecular marker-assisted selection of soybeans, gene cloning and functional analysis of important traits; (3) research on high-quality, high-yield and high-efficiency safe cultivation techniques for soybeans; (4) experiment and demonstration of new varieties, new technologies and new models of soybeans.
1. Germplasm resources and new variety selection & breeding of featured industrial crops such as peanuts, Stevia rebaudiana and Trichosanthes kirilowi.
2. Physiology, ecology and high-efficient cultivation models of featured industrial crops such as peanuts, Stevia rebaudiana and Trichosanthes kirilowi.
3. Gene research related to active ingredients of featured industrial crops such as peanuts, Stevia rebaudiana and Trichosanthes kirilowi.
In 2017, the lab invited Rajeev K. Varshney, academician of India Academy of Sciences, also the scholar from the International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics to visit and communicate. The cooperation intention for jointly applying research project and peanut genomic research was proposed; under the support of China's National Educational, Scientific, Cultural and Health Key Talent Introduction Project and Jiangsu Foreign Experts Program, the lab conducted four-year collaboration with Professor Marian Brestic from University of South Dakota. Currently, the lab is conducting research on the effects of nano-fertilizer, nano-metal and their oxides on stevia’s phenotype, metabolic pathways and glycoside content; through the JAAS funded overseas academic exchange, the lab has formed a continuous and good cooperation intention with the Joshua Yuan Laboratory and the Ping He Laboratory of the Texas A&M University, and the University of Florida.